Case scenario

A worried father calls the pharmacy just before closing, asking you to stay open as he has just found out that children at his 4-year-old daughter’s day-care facility have been treated for threadworms. He is horrified that his daughter may also be affected.

Learning objectives

After successful completion of this CPD activity, pharmacists should be able to:

  • Identify the signs and symptoms of a threadworm infestation
  • Discuss appropriate treatment for common threadworm infestations, including treatment options for special population groups
  • Describe self-care measures for treating common threadworm infestations.

Competency standards addressed (2016): 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.3, 3.5, 3.6.

Accreditation number: CAP1911OTCBG

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What are threadworms?

In Australia, the name threadworm refers to the nematode (roundworm) Enterobius vermicularis. It is a common, exclusively human, intestinal parasite found around the world.1-6

Other common names used for E. vermicularis are pinworm and seatworm.3,7,8 It should not be confused with Strongyloides stercoralis which is also commonly known as threadworm but has

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