Case scenario

Mary has come to the pharmacy today to ask for some advice. She is going to visit her family in Kenya next month with her husband and two children (aged 12 and 14 years). Mary and her husband both grew up in Kenya and have lived in Australia for the past 15 years. However, her children have never visited. She would like to know if they all need to take medicine to protect against malaria while they are away, or if only her children will need this prevention.

Learning objectives

After successful completion of this CPD activity, pharmacists should be able to:

  • Identify the causes and transmission of malaria
  • Discuss the symptoms and management of malaria
  • Describe strategies to prevent malaria.

Competency standards addressed (2016): 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.6

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Overview

The history of malaria dates back to the 19th century with the discovery of the protozoan parasite Plasmodium by Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran in 1880.1 The role of mosquitoes as malaria vectors was first identified in birds by Ronald Ross, and then in humans by a group of Italian scientists between 1898 and 1900.1,2

In 2018, there were an estimated 228 million cases of malaria, co

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