Hypertension is a significant burden on the Australian healthcare system. In 2017 to 2018, close to 6.3 million adult Australians reported having measured high blood pressure (BP), hypertension as a medical condition or the use of antihypertensive medicines.1
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Competencies standards addressed (2016): 1.1, 1.3, 1.6, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.5, 3.6
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Management of hypertension is a key component of risk factor modification in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and end organ damage.2,3 The high prevalence of hypertension means that it is often managed in the setting of additional co-morbid conditions, requiring judicious use of the wide range of available hypertension treatment options.
This article will discuss the management of hypertension in the context of absolute cardiovascular risk and primary prevention. Recommendations for non-pharmacological and pharmacological antihypertensive management from key Australian cardiology guidelines will be explored, with consideration of treatment strategies and options in the setting of co-morbid conditions. Finally, this article will explore the role of the pharmacist in the treatment of hypertension with regards to medication safety, monitoring and patient education.
Hypertension and Abs
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