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Introduction The once high morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases was transformed during the 20th century with improvements in public health, medical practice, vaccination and antimicrobials. Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: Discuss the causes...
Diabetes mellitus overview Type 2 diabetes mellitus (or just diabetes) is a chronic, progressive condition primarily characterised by two metabolic dysfunctions: insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency.1 Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: Identify current guideline...
Background Spironolactone, an aldosterone antagonist, acts on the distal portion of the renal tubule as a potassium-sparing diuretic; increasing sodium and water excretion and reducing potassium excretion.1 Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: Recognise when compounding to...
Definition of polypharmacy Polypharmacy is commonly de­fined as the use of ­five or more medicines daily.1 Hyperpolypharmacy or excessive polypharmacy is de­fined as the use of ten or more medicines daily.2,3 Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: ...
What is hidradenitis suppurativa? Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS, also known as acne inversa) is a chronic inflammatory condition mostly affecting parts of the skin that rub or touch together (i.e. an intertriginous area) such as the axillary, groin, perianal and...
For quite some time, the standard of care for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has seen the use of beta-adrenergic blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and spironolactone. Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: Identify...
Introduction Anxiety disorders are associated with psychological stress and are characterised by symptoms such as excessive worry, difficulty focussing, muscle tension and insomnia.1 Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: Identify complementary therapies used to manage anxiety ...
With instances of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the rise, pharmacists can support patients with the management of their condition. This article will focus on the diagnosis and management of AF, highlighting several areas for pharmacist involvement. Learning objectives  After reading...
With instances of hyperglycaemia during pregnancy on the rise, pharmacists can support these women by providing health and lifestyle advice both during and after their pregnancy. Learning objectives  After reading this article, pharmacists should be able to: Identify the different...
The Victorian Parliament recently passed the Voluntary Assisted Dying Act and its 18-month implementation period is shortly coming to a close. So what exactly does the Act mean for patients who are suffering and what role do pharmacists need...