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Management strategies for reflux begin with lifestyle and diet modifications, and if symptoms persist, non-prescription medicines may be recommended.
Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) such as the common cold and influenza (the ‘flu’) are common reasons for patients seeking pharmacists’ advice.
Resources to help effectively deliver an important community service.
As the most common wound in older adults, skin tears need to be managed effectively with correct identification, evidence-based decisions and appropriate dressing selection to facilitate healing and reduce risk of complications.

Drugs in sport

The misuse of drugs in sport has been a long-term problem, going back to ancient times before the introduction of organised sport.
The pharmacist's role in the management of patients with pneumonia is even more important during the current COVID-19 pandemic.
Pharmacists contribute to clinical governance by helping to ensure that harm is minimised through utilisation of their skills.
It is important to distinguish a true penicillin allergy from a presumed allergy. Systematic drug allergy assessment is likely to mitigate many of the associated clinical and economic impacts of unverified penicillin allergy.


Pharmacists have a key role in shared decision-making to determine preferred hormone therapy dose, formulation, and duration of use, with ongoing reassessment of risks and benefits.
While there may always be evidence of a scar acquired after deep cutaneous injury, there are several evidence-based treatments that can fade and flatten scars and improve their appearance.