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Schizophrenia is a chronic illness characterised by a range of symptoms including positive and negative symptoms. Examples of positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and bizarre and inappropriate behaviour. Negative symptoms include affective flattening, lack of speech, lack of motivation...
Nanoparticles contained in sunscreen do not penetrate the skin or cause cellular toxicity, a new Australian study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology has shown. The research, led by the University of Queensland (UQ) and University of South Australia...
The prevalence of acute pancreatitis is between 5 and 30 per 100,000 population worldwide. It also represents the most common cause for gastrointestinal hospital admission in the United States.2 The main causes of acute pancreatitis are alcohol and gall...
New guidelines on heart failure and atrial fibrillation have been released, including new pharmacological recommendations. Released by the National Heart Foundation of Australia (NHF) in collaboration with the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ), the guidelines were written...
A 61-year-old non-smoking woman was in apparently good physical health. She had no history of drug or alcohol addiction. Her psychiatric history was unremarkable. The patient had been taking tramadol 1700 mg/day for five years to control pain after...
Thalidomide’s period of use may have been short but its ramifications have lasted decades, both for people who suffer deformities from its effects and how we now regulate medicines. Like many ‘wonder drugs’ of the 20th century, thalidomide was first...
Guidelines for stroke management have been updated. The time window for thrombolysis has been extended to 9 hours if brain imaging shows it will be of benefit, according to updates to the Stroke Foundation’s Clinical Guidelines for Stroke Management.1 And, in...
Dementia includes a range of neurological disorders characterised by memory loss and cognitive impairment. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 50–70% of cases.1 In 2015 approximately 342,800 Australians were living with dementia, with this...
The PSA guidance document Guidance for provision of a Pharmacist Only medicine–Short-acting beta₂ agonists (salbutamol and terbutaline)2 assists in responding appropriately to a request for an inhaler and/or relief of bronchospasm. Learning objectives After reading this article, pharmacists should be...
More research has been urged after the creator of a breakthrough test for detecting Alzheimer’s disease said the test could be combined with daily doses of ibuprofen to eliminate the disease. In a recently published Journal of Alzheimer's Disease paper,...